Tikanga at Buller High School At Buller High School we see Te Ao Māori and learning ideas around Tikanga and Te Reo are Māori important for our students, school and whanau (parents/ wider community). Tikanga is about principles, values and spirituality which are integral parts of our school’s ethos and strategic plan. Tikanga is also ‘as much a comment on process as it is on fixed attitudes or knowledge.’ (Mason Durie)
Maori beliefs, values and concepts are inherited, practised, and passed from generation to generation. This is clearly demonstrated at tangihanga (the mourning process before burial). Values also include the importance of Te Reo (language), Whenua (land) and in particular Whanau (family and extended family group).
Common Terms and Definitions
Wairua (Spirit or spirituality). A recognition that the Maori view of spirituality is inextricably related to the wellbeing of a person. Aroha (Compassionate love). The unconditional acceptance which is the heart of care and support. Turangawaewae (A place to stand). The place the person calls home, where their origins are. Whanaungatanga (The extended family).Takes responsibility for its members, their wellbeing and broader inter-relationships with others. Mana (Authority, standing). We recognise the mana of Maori consumers – recognition of Te Tiriti o Waitangi. Manaaki (To care for and show respect to). We show respect for Maori values, traditions and aspirations. Kawa (Protocol of the marae, land, iwi). Determines how things are done in various circumstances. Respect for kawa is very important. If the kawa is not known the tangata whenua should be consulted. Karakia (Prayer, blessing, incantation). Shared at some occasions and part of lifestyle. Marae (Place of Maori practice). Place of belonging and link to past generations and the future. Comprising of carved meeting house, marae atea, dining room and ablution facilities.
All new students in Year 9 and new staff to Buller High School will be welcomed with a Pōwhiri at the beginning of the year. A Pōwhiri may also take place at an important gathering or special occasion. Pōwhiri includes protocol involved in welcoming and caring for visitors.The key elements to a Powhiri include; Karanga (the calling), Haka Pōwhiri (Action dance), Whaikorero (Formal speeches), Koha (the gift), Hongi (pressing of noses), Hakari/Kai (Feast or spread of food). During the Year 9 orientation,Year 9 students will learn more about the Pōwhiri protocol they will experience at the beginning of the year.